Body language is a conscious or physical behavior through which feelings and attitudes are conveyed. It is a nonverbal mode of communication. Such behavior includes physical postures, facial expressions, eye movement, touch, Etc. In simple words body language is transmission of information by body movements and gestures. It exists in both animal and human being.
Body language pays a vital role in our day to day life. Which helps us to know someone’s interest, liking, disliking. The interpretation of information by body movement is also known as KINESICS.
Body language has no grammar and fundamental rule to follow. They should not be confused with sign language because sign language has fundamental rules and representations for every word it uses.
Body languages are used since our origin. It is as old as our society. There are different type of body languages what we use in our day to day life. They are one of the vital part of our communication system.
Facial expressions are important when expressing emotions like happiness, sadness, anger, depressions etc. Eyes, eyebrow, lips, nose, and cheek movements help us to define different moods of an individual.
Studies proof that facial expressions and body language are corresponding when exchanging emotions. They are also subjective to each other. This means that brain processes the facial expression and body movement simultaneously with response to first person’s behavior.
Emotions can also be communicated through body postures. Body posture are more accurate with comparison to other natural emotions. Sitting or standing postures also indicate one’s emotions. A person sitting till the back of their chair, leans forward with their head nodding along with the discussion implies that they are open, relaxed and generally ready to listen. On the other hand, a person who has their legs and arms crossed with the foot kicking slightly implies that they are feeling impatient and emotionally detached from the discussion.
Gestures are the movements made with body part like hands, legs, fingers, etc. they may be consciously or unconsciously. Hand gestures often signify the state of well-being of the person making them. Relaxed hands indicate confidence and self-assurance, while clenched hands may be interpreted as signs of stress or anger. Finger gestures are also commonly used to exemplify one’s speech as well as denote the state of well-being of the person making them. This may vary from culture to culture. For example the thumbs up gesture could show “OK” or “good” in countries like the US, France and Germany. But this same gesture is insulting in other countries like Iran, Bangladesh and Thailand, where it is the equivalent of showing the middle finger in the US.
It generally denotes greeting rituals. Commonly done on meeting, greeting, offering congratulations. They usually indicate the level of confidence and emotion level in people.
Breathing and patterns of breathing can be indicative of a person’s mood and state of mind; due to this, the relationship between body language and breathing is often considered in contexts such as business meetings and presentations. Generally, deeper breathing which utilizes the diaphragm and abdomen more is interpreted as conveying a relaxed and confident impression; by contrast, shallow, rapid breathing is often interpreted as conveying a more nervous or anxious impression.
Touching is also used in expressing emotions and feelings. The study of touching and how it is used in communication is known as Haptics. For example, handshakes, holding hands, back slapping, high fives, brushing up against someone or pats all have meaning. Touching is the most developed sense at birth and formulates our initial views of the world. Touching can be used to sooth, for amusement during play, to flirt, to expressing power and maintaining bonds between people such as with baby and mother. Touching can carry distinct emotions and also show the intensity of those emotions. Touch absent of other cues can signal anger, fear, disgust, love, gratitude and sympathy depending on the length and type of touching that is performed.
Body languages are the significant part of the communication system. With the help of these we can very easily express functional/ professional, social /polite, friendship/warmth, love/intimacy, sexual/arousal.
We can express our views and feelings to other by only using words but that could be very straight, rough and may not create the interest in the other person. But when we express the same thing with facial expression, body posture and physical gestures. It becomes easier for us to create interest in the next person to listen to us or understand us.